Silver maple are the least diseased tree of the maple family.  There are major advantages and disadvantages of owning a silver maple.  Silver maples are very nice shade trees that grow very quickly and grow to be very tall.
While there are several diseases that silver maple get not many of them are destructive to the tree. Verticillium wilt is the major devastating factor in silver maple trees.  When this disease has been left for too long it will cause complete devastation of a tree. 
Another disease that silver maple are prone to is iron chlorosis.  Iron chlorosis is a deficiency of iron in the soils.  This disease is often found immediately or several years after they have been planted. 
There are many insects that cause cosmetic damage to silver maple trees.  These insects include Columbian timber beetle, flatheaded appletree borer, maple callus borer, pinhole borer, fruittree leaf roller, cecropia moth, white-marked tussock moth and Bladder gall mites.  All of these insects are not fatal to the silver maple.
Here are things to look for in your silver maple trees:
  • Leaves yellowing in spring or summer
  • Loss of leaves at the top of the trees
  • Spotting on the leaves
Sapindaceae Family
Emerald Ash Borer, dutch elm disease, maple wilt, disease control, tree treatments
Common Name: Amur maple

Scientific name: Acer ginnala
Leaves: Opposite arrangement, simple, 2-3.5" long, 1.25-2.5'' broad, deeply palmate lobes, double serrate edges
Bark: Thin dull gray-brown, and smooth at first becoming shallowly fissured on older plants
Height: 9-30" max
Spread: 15-35'
General info: This bush/small tree is a prize tree in many countries including the UK.  In Northern USA this plant is considered an invasive species.  Often used as a natural boarder these fast growing plants can survive in harsh weather conditions.

Pests and diseases: Verticillium wilt
Common Name: Black maple

Scientific name: Acer nigrum
Leaves: 3 lobed leaf, droopy appearance,
Bark: Dark gray brown deeply grooved
Height: 70-110' tall at max
Spread: 40-80'
General info: This tree is often mistaken with sugar maple and many consider it a hybrid sugar maple.  Some slight differences are noticeable if you know what to look for.  Can be used to make maple syrup and other maple flavored foods.

Pests and diseases: Verticillium wilt, boring insects, aphids are some of the many diseases of black maples.
Common Name: Box elder

Scientific name: Acer negundo
Leaves: Pinnate compound leaves, 3-7 leaflets, 2-4" long, 1.2-3" broad, light green
Bark: Rough dark gray bark at maturity
Height: 33-82' max
Spread: 25-45'
General info: The ugly step sister of the maples.  These trees are known for some of the worst characteristic.  The most noted is always the box elder bugs.  These can be found commonly in many places all over the world.  Do really well in many different soil structures and hard to kill.

Pests and diseases: Box elder bugs :(
Common Name: Norway maple

Scientific name: Acer platanoides
Leaves: In pairs, dark green, palmate
Bark: Smooth but becomes black, rigid and furrowed with age
Height: 90' max. 
Spread: 60'
General info: Another tree that is mistaken with sugar maple.  Norway maples are not indigenous to USA.  They come primarily from Europe. 

Pests and diseases: Verticillium wilt, root girdling.
Common Name: Red maple

Scientific name: Acer rubrum
Leaves: 3.5-4.25" long and broad, varying shades of red, opposite arrangement
Bark: Dark gray and raised long plates
Height: 59-89' max. 
Spread: 40'
General info: Very easy to spot a red maple.  Maybe one of the easiest trees to diagnose with leaves on the tree.  Bark is also very distinctive to the trained eye.  They make for a great shade tree with a statement but very difficult to keep alive.

Pests and diseases: Verticillium wilt, root girdling
Common Name: Silver maple

Scientific name: Acer saccharium
Leaves: Simple, palmate, 5 lobed leaf, deep angular notches between lobes.
Bark: Light gray and very scaly with age.
Height: 49-82' max. 
Spread: 36-50'
General info: Silver maple or commonly called soft maple are very fast growing trees.  These trees love water and are also called water maple.  Tend to branch very low or have multiple stems.  These trees do really well in wind with great elasticity.  Many hybrids are used with silver maple because of its disease resistance.

Pests and diseases: Verticillium wilt, root girdling
Common Name: Sugar maple

Scientific name: Acer saccharum
Leaves: 7.9" long and broad, Palmate shape, deep green color, short petiole
Bark: Light to dark gray in color, shallow fissured and scaly.
Height: 82-115' max. 
Spread: 60-100'
General info: A very prized tree of the landscape for its shade value and perfectly round shape.  These trees are hard to keep living but worth the effort.  Used in forests to make maple syrup.

Pests and diseases: Fed on by many insects, verticillium wilt, girdling